The American University of Iraq-Sulaimani copies books that have copyrights. The copying is due to lack of actual textbooks, as it has been told to the students.
The textbooks that are copies all have copyrights of different publishers such as Cengage.
The copying, if there was no permission from the publishing companies, will be regarded as a clear violation of the copyright rules at the United States of America and Iraq.
U.S. copyright office defines copyright as " a form of protection grounded in the U.S. Constitution and granted by law for original works of authorship fixed in a tangible medium of expression. Copyright covers both published and unpublished works."
The AUI-S bookstore located at the cabin 36 went out of textbooks in one week. Some students couldn't get one or more of the textbooks despite of paying the $100 book fee. There are students without any textbooks.
AUI-S has told students that the copies will be used until next month. The students are being told they will get actual textbooks in November.
For more information on copyright rules, see the following link to the U.S. Copyright Office :